Many visit Ibiza in search of its atmosphere and its incredible coastal landscape, but few know that this small Mediterranean island has been a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1999. This is thanks to its cultural and natural assets, making it a point of reference for visitors to the Balearic Islands. This declaration is referred to by the title “Ibiza, biodiversity and culture”.
The most notable enclave encompassed by this declaration is the old town of the city of Ibiza, popularly known as Dalt Vila, a historic centre that dates back to the Roman period, and later the Muslim period, cultures which helped to form the main structure of this imposing architectural complex. The whole area stands over the newer city thanks to the enormous walls that protect it, one of the best preserved walled cities in the Mediterranean. On its interior, we find historic houses, viewpoints that allow us to observe the city and the sea horizon, and at the summit we find the castle and cathedral of Ibiza. The neighbouring quarters of La Marina, Es Soto and Sa Penya also form part of this complex. Visitors must not miss out on taking a walk here.
Other important places encompassed by the World Heritage declaration are Ses Feixes, a former garden area, significant for the intricate irrigation system, inherited from the Muslim period, and now home to endemic birds of the island; the Phoenician town of Sa Caleta, an example of archaeology essential for understanding how the first inhabitants of the island lived; the necropolis of Puig des Molins, where significant archaeological remains of the Phoenician-Punic culture have been found; and finally the most important natural treasure of the Pityusic Islands, posidonia oceanica, a marine plant which is the secret to the beauty of the island’s waters, and which is crucial for the subsistence of the marine ecosystem. In short, Ibiza has a lot to offer at a cultural and natural level for visitors seeking something more.